A Sudanese national, Dr. Kamil Eltayeb Idris is a renowned scholar in the field of intellectual property. Idris earned a Bachelor of Law degree from Khartoum University, Sudan. He also received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy, Political Science and Economic Theories from Cairo University, Egypt. He went on to earn his Master in International Law and International Affairs degree from Ohio University, United States as well as a Doctorate in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International Studies, University of Geneva, Switzerland. In 1982 Idris joined the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). He served as Director General of WIPO from 1997 to 2008.
One might ask what is the driving force behind Kamil Indris’ passionate interest in this field of study. It is Dr. Indris’ belief that without attention being paid to intellectual property rights, many of the technological wonders that are part of our world in the 21st century would never have seen the light of day. Dr. Indris would attest to the fact that intellectual property rights have taken on a new importance in human life in recent history. He names four key factors that have contributed to this: international commerce driving interdependence among nations of the world, information and innovation becoming main drivers of economic development, incredible advances in science and technology, and lastly, but surely not least, the advent of the Internet.
Recently, VentureOutsource.com caught up with Kamil Idris for an interview to discuss his views on the current state of affairs and the projected future of intellectual property rights worldwide (see: “WIPO’s Kamil Idris on protecting intellectual property rights” https://www.ventureoutsource.com/contract-manufacturing/wipos-kamil-idris-on-protecting-intellectual-property-rights/ ). In the interview, Dr. Idris makes the point for the importance of international frameworks and protocols regarding the protection of intellectual property rights. At the same time, however, he speaks of the need to understand the unique needs and situations as they unfold in individual countries that are, intrinsically, part of the world body.
When discussing campaign finance reform, it is impossible to do so without mentioning the 2010 Supreme Court decision known as Citizens United. The decision allowed for corporations to be treated as people and allows for special interest groups to contribute money to United States elections. As the corporate money is not possible to trace and does not have the same limits as private citizens, it is a decision that allowed for elections to be bought.
The group leading the charge to overturn this decision is End Citizens United. As of April 2017, the group has amassed more than $4 million for the year, and projects that going into the pivotal 2018 mid-term elections they will raise more than $35 million. This is a dramatic increase from the $25 million raised for the 2016 election cycle, which was the group’s first election season since being founded.
Over 40,000 people contributed for their first time to any Political Action Committee as part of the overall estimated 100,000 contributors to End Citizens United. With average giving around $12 per person, it is truly a grass roots effort for citizens to impact the way in which their government is run.
Tiffany Muller, the president and executive director of End Citizen’s United, states the group is focusing on helping champions of campaign-finance reform win elections in the House and Senate. She also states the primary reason most donors cite for giving is they feel the current political system to be unfairly biased against them, and that those “who can write the biggest checks get the biggest say. This is their way of fighting back.”
The Trump victory was a blow which the PAC is working to fight against. A recent benefactor of End Citizens United work is Democrat Candidate Jon Ossoff, running in his first election for a Georgia congressional seat. Ossoff surprised many political pundits by raising over $4 million in his campaign to win the April 18 special election to fill a then-Republican House seat in an Atlanta-based district recently left vacant by Tom Price accepting the position of Health and Human Services Secretary.
The group is also planning to back 2018 elections for Senator Sherrod Brown of Ohio and Jon Tester of Montana. Operating as a traditional Political Action Committee (instead of a Super PAC), the group is limited to receiving a maximum of $5000 per donor; End Citizens United ability to achieve the amount of fundraising it has accomplished has sparked renewed interest among other grassroots organizations devoted to campaign finance reform.
The democracy of any nation is tested during the election process. The votes of all countries determine the future of the nation. This is because the leaders in charge of a country can either build or destroy a nation. The real leaders must be put in the authority through free and fair elections for the right leaders to be in power. The election process of a country is governed by the parties and the government. This tampers with the objectivity of the process. It is important to note that the elections are transparent if the electoral commission is outsourced. This is the case for End Citizens United. It is a body established in the United States of America to ensure that the elections are open.
It is almost impossible to point out an actual body that carries out this role. End Citizens United provides that the process is done with honesty and utmost fairness. The major aspect that this organization operates under is that willing donors fund it. This is an issue that promotes fairness as it creates objectivity. This is because the donors are not politicians. They do not have access to controlling the resource of the organization. Elections in the USA were conducted in a fair way in the past until the Supreme Court judged that corporations could fund campaigns for politicians. This is a primary reason for establishing End Citizens United. This body was created to function as a watchdog to facilitate the financing of campaigns. Corporations fund campaigns to use politicians for self-interest. End Citizens United is fighting this vice.
The company has more than 20,000 members. It has raised $26 million. This enables the company to function independently. It is in position to put the right leaders in power. End Citizens does not have a self-interest in the election process as opposed to corporations. The company does not have a conflict of interest. It serves the benefit of the society in general. Its donors are approximately 270,00. This has made it gain the power that it holds as a body during the election process. The donors are majorly grassroots. It enables the people to practice their democratic rights.
The board of directors at the End Citizens United are individuals who are top leaders. They are used because they are powerful enough to dilute the money that creates the conflict of interest during elections. This enables the campaigns to be driven by the felt needs of the people in the society rather than the needs of the corporations that fund the campaigns. The citizens will be in a position to practice their democratic rights fairly and put the right leaders in power.
One of the world’s more recognized philanthropists, is George Soros. Mr. Soros has a far-reaching history of giving away his capital. He has delineated billions to give support to not only business groups that were in need, but also to people. Mr. Soros is for the most part, concerned with providing financial support to those craving to eradicate injustice, on promoting egalitarianism and to defend their liberty to convey their dreams while facing inequity. He is decidedly divisive of the campaign known as the “War on Drugs”, so much so, that Mr. Soros has been principally prominent with the advocating of medicinal cannabis in the U.S.A. George Soros also charitably donated quite a few million dollars, supporting Hillary Clinton’s presidential run. Previous to this endeavor, Mr. Soros attributed $1 million in support to the reelection of Barack Obama for President. Even though afterwards Mr. George Soros confided in supporter for Hilary that he possessed misgivings over supporting Barack, instead of Hilary, for the period of the 2008 voting year. George Soros is also known to campaign for the LGBT population and is recognized as a promoter of same-sex nuptials. This is because George believes that to facilitate an open-minded culture, it is advantageous to accept all who exist within it.
George’s history is largely the driving force for his dedication to lending a hand to people who stand in the face of prejudice on Politico. Mr. Soros knows first hand how dangerous the intolerant can become. During the Nazi occupation era, George was born Jewish, in Hungary. After a fashion, he managed to depart his war torn homeland in search of a better existence. He moved to London England where he became employed as a waiter at times and also performed the duties of a railway porter. All while studying Economics in hopes of finding higher earning employment and to improve his life through schooling. From these struggles he managed to relocate to the U.S.A. There, George made use of his newly attained understanding of economics. He became invested with the asset and economic trade on nytimes.com, which allowed Mr. Soros to accumulate his immense affluence.
George is also accountable for the formation of the esteemed Central European University, following the destruction of the historical Berlin Wall. George also promoted relations and enriching exchanges among Western & Eastern Europe on Snopes. Mr. Soros also aids the hard work of legal groups to liberate thousands of unlawfully incarcerated citizens and is dedicated to fiscally supporting several students who yearn to attain an education, people who otherwise might have been overlooked for being short on financial resources.