Among the many careers in law, one of the most common is litigation. Litigation is a process that involves an attorney representing a plaintiff or defendant in a civil case. Not all attorneys can be litigators, and all litigators are attorneys. A litigator is an attorney who is able to present the defendant of a plaintiff and see him/her through the entire civil case. For a litigation to be complete, there are various stages that one must undergo through. They include discovery, pleadings, trial, investigation, appeal, settlement and pre-trail.
The workload that a litigator will do majorly depend on where they practice law is it a small law firm or a large law firm. What one undergoes in a small law firm is entirely different from what he/she undergoes in a large law firm. In large enterprises, a new litigator will do various things in the company before he/she can get a chance to represent a defendant and plaintiff in a court of law. Most of the time these litigators will be writing memos and doing research while at small firms, litigators get a chance to mix doing research and going to court to represent a client.
One litigator who has been an inspiration and mentor to many future litigators is Karl Heideck. For many eras, Karl has been a litigation lawyer with his areas of expertise being litigation, risk management, and compliance. For the many years, Karl has been working in the law industry; he has learned various things and gained a lot of experience that makes him who he is today. Mr. Heideck currently works for Grant & Eisenhofer law firm but once worked at Pepper Hamilton LLP. Regardless of the place he works, Karl is known for providing positive results and ensuring his clients are satisfied and contented. He received his JD from Temple University and throughout his career; Karl hopes he will continue providing excellent results to his firm and his clients.
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A good legal advisor will ensure that all legal requirements are dealt with, and will guide you in the right direction. Locate a lawyer that handles business litigation and one that suits your requirements.
There are a few steps involved in selecting an excellent attorney for your legal matter. Many people acquire recommendations from trusted colleagues, relatives and friends. You can also do your research online using sites that have attorneys’ lists, as well as Associations and agencies that monitor attorneys and other legal professionals.
Before hiring someone to represent you, especially in a complex legal matter, be sure to check out their credentials, experience in the field and success rate. These are very important factors and should not be ignored.
Set up a consultation with the lawyer, and find out what to expect in your case. Also, discuss attorney’s fees and legal charges, as well as billing methods. And, make sure you have a written agreement. Always read the fine print and be sure you understand the terms and conditions of service before signing in agreement.
A good lawyer will take the time to review your case and your situation and then create the right approach to obtain the most efficient possible resolution in the matter.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a highly competent Brazilian company attorney and expert litigator. Ricardo Tosto has a renowned Law office, which is situated in Brazil. Ricardo Tosto is well recognized as a superior litigation lawyer by the Brazilian legal community. He has gained world-wide recognition due to his litigation style, and outstanding results.
Ricardo Tosto has personally defended business owners, entrepreneurs, corporations, institutions, professionals and private individuals for more than 22 years. When faced with a business law or commercial law matter, you want a lawyer in your corner who has a lot of experience and is dedicated to protecting you and your company with no question.
Cone Marshall aids their clients in managing their international assets and tax planning. Cone Marshall was established in 1999 and is currently located at the Parnell House, Level 3, Auckland 1151, New Zealand. The heads of this law firm are Karen Marshall and Geoffrey Cone. Geoffry Cone has been an expert in international taxes since the 1980’s. He has been recognized by the ICLG as an ideal lawyer. Karen Marshal joined the firm in 2005 after her extensive career in London at at law firm dealing with Commercial Litigation. She is still currently advising statutory trustee companies and has plenty of experience managing trusts.
The Cone Marshall law firm dominates the market in foreign trusts in New Zealand. The law firm is one of the oldest law firms that specialize in international tax advice.
Geoffry Cone published popular articles in 2012 arguing that New Zealand is not a tax haven. Instead, New Zealand has very transparent tax policies and subscribes to the 2002 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters. This tax organization is considered to be the gold standard for governmental tax transparency. Since 2006, the New Zealand government mandates that the trustee of a foreign trust has to submit a Foreign Trust Disclosure form (IR607) to the IRD. This includes deeds, details of settlements, names and addresses, details of their assets, and the expenditures and income of the trustee. The New Zealand’s government have become more aggressive in enforcing these rules to prevent international money laundering.
New Zealand now has double taxation agreements in 39 other nations. These agreements are to prevent any tax inconsistencies for the collection of taxes with both New Zealand and the partner government. New Zealand has also made agreements with 20 other nations to exchange tax information to prevent citizens from hiding money in offshore havens. The information exchange agreements are not as powerful as double taxation agreements, but they can be useful in the event of audits or prosecution of money launderers.
Check out Cone Marshall’s website to find out more about the company and its services.
The History of Brazilian Law
Brazil largely derives its law from Portuguese civil law which was implemented by the Portuguese during the colonial period. It also uses sections of the French, German and Italian law. This implies that the legal system is based on statutes and partly Súmula Vinculante which was introduced in the constitutional reform passed in 2004.
The Brazilian Constitution gives the Supreme Court powers to publish binding laws. Junior courts and judges, as well as the public administration, are obliged to adhere to the interpretations of the Supreme Court.
The Constitution organizes Brazil as a Federation formed by the union of municipalities, states and the Federal District. The 26 federate states can make and amend their laws and Constitution.
Municipalities also have restricted power since their legislation must adhere to the principles of the Constitution of the state to which they belong. The Federal District, on the other hand, blends functions of municipalities and federate states.
The judiciary consists of state and federal branches. The judicial system is headed by the Federal Supreme Court which is the protector of the Constitution. The Federal Supreme Court has exclusive jurisdiction to declare state and federal laws unconstitutional as well as rule over cases decided in individual instance courts where the challenged verdict may violate the Constitution.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho
Ricardo Tosto is Brazilian lawyer who is highly specialized in complex litigation. Mr. Tosto has more than 15 years of experience in corporate law especially bank contracts, corporate restructuring, credit recovery, bankruptcy, judicial recovery and acquisition review. He also handles cases related to international and electoral law.
Mr. Tosto studied Law at the Mackenzie Presbyterian University and Business Administration at Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation. After completing his studies, Tosto worked for several Brazilian law firms where he gained sufficient experience that enabled him to co-found Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados Associados in 2005. The firm has been recognized as the best law office in Brazil and also won the ILO Client Choice 2013 Award granted by the ILO (International Law Office).